Friday, May 9, 2014

Well, since you asked...

We've been looking at the volume of prisms, cylinders and cones this week.  I had students working on a project where they had to build one of each with equal heights and widths/diameters.  The idea is to explore the volume of each and see how the eventual formulas will relate to one another.

Then, Jacob traces can on his paper and cuts out the circle.  He cuts a radius and begins rolling the paper (as if he's cut out different sized sectors) to make different cones.  He comes up and says, "Mr. Cox,  I think the cone that is almost flat has the highest volume because the tighter I roll the paper, the less stuff I can fit in it."

Me:  What if the circle is flat?  What's the volume then?

J: There isn't any volume.

Me:  So then when does the cone go from 'flat' to having the most possible volume?

J:  ...

Me: ...

J: What do you mean?

Me:  Maybe there's some kind of sweet spot where the volume gets bigger then starts to get smaller.

J:  Let me think about that.

At this point, I was with Jacob.  I didn't really know what the volume did as the cone changed.  But we were both interested.

The next day, Jacob comes in and says, "Mr. Cox, I thought about what you were saying and I think you're right, there has to be some kind of sweet spot."

So, we sit down and go to work.

I'm thinking about how to model this thing and Jacob enlisted the help of a friend to gather data.  They're cutting sectors from a circle and making cones.  Jacob has dibs on 30, 60, 90, ... degrees and Armando has 15, 45, 75, ...

Our first bit of trouble came when Jacob said, "I can find the radius of the cone's base, but I'm having trouble getting the height because of this..."

Wish these rulers came with a bubble level. 

But, we figured out that the Pythagorean Theorem was a nice work around.

Now, does our data match the model?

It took a while, and thanks to CalcDave for cleaning things up, but this is a pretty cool function.


 Desmos graph is here.


We're estimating the maximum to be about 66 degrees.  And because my calculus is a little rusty, I'm thankful for the folks at WolframAlpha.

This particular function is using a circle with radius = 3.1. 

The function is a little dense at this point, but Jacob was dialed in as we talked about it.  The idea that these crazy expressions really just amounted to Vcone = ⅓πr2h blew him away.


Tuesday, May 6, 2014

Full Circle

It was one of those moments when I was trying to explain something to them and they ended up explaining something to me.

We're in the middle of a unit on volume and exploring prisms, cylinders and cones.  I was inspired by James Tanton's ability to explain things by getting at their essence. As if to say, "we can call a cylinder a 'cylinder' but it's just a prism made of circles--or a cone can be called a 'cone' but is it really any different than a pyramid?"

It was one of those, sitting around a campfire moments.  We're using stacks of paper and stacks of CDs to demonstrate why calculating the base area is critical because the rest of the solid is just like a stack of that area and no matter where we slice the solid, we get the same shape--over and over again.

Then comes the question about the cone.

The base is a circle but when you slice it, you get a...circle?  Wait, but it's a different circle.  Waitaminit. What about a pyramid?  Triangle base and when you slice it, you get a triangle.  But a different one.

Are the triangles related?

"They're similar.  Hey wait, this is a dilation."

And the tip of the pyramid is the center of dilation.

We did dilations in Unit 1.  This was a callback I didn't anticipate:  A pyramid is like a 3D representation of a dilation.

Thanks, kids.  I'd never thought of it that way before.




I'm Taking You With Me

I've applied for one of our district coaching positions.  There are still a lot of details to work out, so I'm not quite sure I'm ready to leave the classroom.  One thing I am sure of, though, is that I'd like the interview panel (assuming I get an interview) to understand  how amazing you all are.

I tweeted this form, but I'll leave it here as well.  If you have a minute, I'd love your help.  

Feel free to exclude any information you're not interested in sharing.  

Thanks a bunch.

Friday, May 2, 2014

When It Can't Be Wrecked

We're getting some mileage out of this lately.  Today, I have a new problem to add to the pile of those that foster the process of hypothesis wrecking.

I posed the question with a rubric.

Can a unit fraction always be written as the sum of two unique unit fractions?

Rubric
5: Precise proof that demonstrates all cases (abstract, general rule)
4: Reasonable argument that demonstrates some cases (numeric, gives examples)
3: Gut level or weak argument
2: Does not present an argument

1: No evidence of understanding

Students played around with a few unit fractions and after a few minutes we had a couple of them.


Shortly, we had a student come up with an hypothesis:


which was soon followed by another student example:


Uh-oh, that doesn't fit the pattern.

"Does this example wreck our hypothesis?"

This led to a nice conversation on whether this new example and our hypothesis can coexist.  It was interesting to see how many students initially thought the hypothesis was wrecked.

We tested a few more examples and shared results--all confirming our hypothesis.

Then I asked, "So where does this put us on the rubric?"

And a student asks, "What has to happen for a 4 to become a 5?"

In other words, when does a numeric (quantitative) argument become abstract [1]?

Had to pause.  This one is worth it.  So we discussed simple example:




I quickly came up with the question and answers 1, 3, and 4.  At lunch I added 2, which really added to the conversation for 6th period.

Which answer provides the stronger argument?  Most saw 4 as the strongest and agreed 1 was the weakest.  But very few saw 2 on the same level as 4.  Then one student says, "I see that 2 and 4 are similar but 4 is just kinda strung out."

Yep, the kid has a feel for brute force vs. elegance.  Love it.

By the end, we agreed that 2 and 4 were more abstract and 3 was more quantitative. What about 1?

Well, 1 was what they would've considered a great answer a few months ago.

[1] This is what prompted my question about SMP 2 on Twitter. 

Wednesday, April 16, 2014

Dirty Triangles

I've been out for a couple of days--let's just say that I can think of better ways to drop 10 pounds--so, I'm in a really special frame of mind today.  While I was out, I left a few distance/rate/time problems for students to solve.  Upon my return, I was asking students about the problems and many students had similar responses.

S:  "This is easy, you just use the Dirt Triangle."

Me:  "The what?"

S:  "The Dirt Triangle."

Me:  "Hmm. I don't know what that is."

S:  "Look, Mr. Cox it's like this...


"...You cover up the one you're looking for and if the other two are next to each other, you multiply.  If one is above the other, you divide."



Me:  "Really? That's strange.  I never learned the Dirt Triangle. I learned...


The Turd Triangle





S1: "No, that won't work. That's not what he[1] told us."

S2: "He said it didn't matter how we wrote it."

Me: "So which is it; does one work or are they the same?  Make your case and be ready to defend it."


Helping students develop a turd detector one day at a time.



[1] Students picked up the triangle in another class.  They said that the formulas were given early on and explained.  However, many were still missing problems so the triangle was introduced.  

Monday, April 7, 2014

Fostering the Hypothesis Wrecking Mindset

Hypothesis wrecking is not natural.  I think a few of you have summed it up quite well.

Ashli Black:


Dan Meyer:
The fact that you are supposed to wreck your own conjecture. Your conjecture isn't something you're supposed to protect from your peers and your teacher as though it were an extension of your ego. It's supposed to get wrecked. That's okay! In fact, you're supposed to wreck it.

Kirsten (1st Period):
It's easier said than done. 
 
We've grown accustomed to math that does the following:

1. Teacher asks question
2. Student answers question
3. Teacher evaluates answer while student moves on about her day


Hypothesis wrecking requires a different model -- one that asks students to take a look in the mirror and give constant self-evaluation.  It also depends on problems that lend themselves to establishing this mindset. These aren't always easy to find, though. I've found that the problems with a really simple prompt tend to work best.  Here is a list of  problems I've used:

1.  The Diagonal Problem
     
2.  Pick's Theorem
       
3.  Doodle Math

4.  The Locker Problem

5.  The Handshake Problem

6.  Tilted Squares (or Pythagorean Theorem disguised)
        I don't actually use this lesson, but I liked how the "tilt" of the square was defined as x/y which makes             data gathering quite nice.

7.  How many ways?

8. Pile Pattern Problems
        a. Fawn's Visual Patterns
        b. GeoGebra Book we're working on

9.   Avery's Edges, Vertices, and Faces

10. The Painted Cube

11. Math Without Words

12.  Add the numbers 1 to n.





 

Friday, April 4, 2014

Instead

You know what?

Instead of having to teach things like perpendicular bisectors and systems of equations, I just wish we could do things like this.