Wednesday, April 12, 2017

Sometimes It's an Accident

We are learning about angles in grade 7.  Yesterday, I asked students to draw 10 different angles (at least 3 acute and at least 3 obtuse) and measure them with a protractor.  Historically, I've been really bad at teaching students how to use a protractor, but they made their best pass at it.

Today, I drew random angles around the classroom on our whiteboards and was going to ask for volunteers to walk up with their protractors and measure them at the board.  But before doing so, I went around the classroom asking the class to classify the angles as acute, obtuse or right.  When we came to a right-is angle, the class was divided; some said acute, some obtuse and a few said right.

"Ok, so what do we do?"

Sam picks up his protractor, holds it out in front of his face, closes one eye and peers through the hole at the bottom of the protractor.  I stepped back and watched what he was doing.  He was peeking at the vertex into the hole, while lining up one of the rays with the guides at the bottom of the protractor.  He then says, "Mr. Cox, it's pretty much 90 degrees."

Now, I loved this for reasons.  1) This kid invented a hack for doing a little better than estimating 2) The entire class understood what he was doing and started using his hack and 3) I had never thought of doing this before.

But that isn't even the good part.

I had drawn three straight angles that had a second ray breaking it into two supplementary angles.  We argued a bit about whether there were two or three angles shown.  Everyone eventually agreed that there was an acute, obtuse and straight angle represented.  Then we got to the measures.  Glad to say, the pairs they measured were all supplementary.  Then came the two students who made mistakes (on purpose).  We discussed how some students use the wrong numbers on the protractor, but if they classify the angle first as acute or obtuse, that helps them know which number to use.

That wasn't the good part either.

I wanted to start a conversation on supplementary pairs and I was going to use the drawings of straight angles broken into two supplementary angles that were on the board.  But then I thought about Sam and his protractor hack.  Change of plans.

"Ok, take a look at your protractors and look at the pairs of numbers.  What do you notice?"

We created a list of numbers.

170   10
160   20
150   30
140   40
130   50
120   60
110   70
100   80
 90    90

Then I added one more entry:

34   ?

"Without using your protractor, make your best guess about the number that should be paired with 34."

We had three answers. 

154   146   156

Argument 1:  "I think it's 154 because 150 and 30 are paired together.  Since we added 4 to the 30 to get 34, we need to add 4 to 150 to get 154."

Quick check of the class to see who understood the argument. I was careful to let them know that saying they understood the argument was different than agreeing with it.  They understood. 

Argument 2:  "I disagree with 154 because on one side the numbers are increasing and on the other they're decreasing.  34 is between 30 and 40, so our answer needs to be between 150 and 140.  So, I think it's 146."

Homework:  Who do you agree with and why?  If you think the answer is something different, make an argument.

Can't wait until tomorrow. 


Sara Dalton said...

This is really great! Thanks for sharing. I really liked the simple exploratory set up for this activity of drawing, meauring and classifying angles--it seemed like a very engaging way to cover a lot of ground. And your solution and discussion for the confusion around the two sets of numbers on a protractor was brilliant!
Math to the 7th Power

Hernandezpi314 said...

Hi! I think you did a great job of teaching this. Having students classify the angles as acute, obtuse, right in my opinion does help them. The discussion you helped form at the end will help them understand angles better and they will have a sense of coming up with an argument and learning from their peers. I recommend stretching this discussion a bit more by having the students discuss this among their peers first, and then have them work together to come up with a final solid argument with reasoning.

- Damaris Hernandez

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